Mosquito-borne illnesses are diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites transmitted by the bite of a mosquito. Every summer, we dedicate several of our blogs to Preventing Mosquito Bites and Mosquito-Proofing Your Yard but often after the outdoor entertaining season is over, many people put their worries about these nuisance pests behind them. Thankfully, two organizations, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) keep us informed about the number of cases these diseases cause each year and where the majority originate. Here is a quick review of their findings from the past year.
According to the World Health Organization, “Mosquitoes are one of the deadliest animals in the world. Their ability to carry and spread disease to humans causes millions of deaths every year. In 2015 malaria alone caused 438 000 deaths. The worldwide incidence of dengue has risen 30-fold in the past 30 years, and more countries are reporting their first outbreaks of the disease. Zika, dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever are all transmitted to humans by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. More than half of the world’s population live in areas where this mosquito species is present. Sustained mosquito control efforts are important to prevent outbreaks from these diseases. There are several different types of mosquitoes and some have the ability to carry many different diseases.”
Hitting closer to home than the Zika virus, dengue and yellow fever is the occurrence of West Nile in our region. According to the CDC, as of October 2, 2018, a total of 48 states and the District of Columbia have reported West Nile virus infections in people, birds, or mosquitoes in 2018. Overall, 1,611 cases of West Nile virus disease in people have been reported to CDC. Of these, 933 (58%) were classified as neuroinvasive disease (such as meningitis or encephalitis) and 678 (42%) were classified as non-neuroinvasive disease.
Be sure to stay in touch as we enter another season of biting insects in just a few short months. If you want more information about treatments to keep the mosquitoes away from your property next spring, contact Pro-Tech Lawn Care at (603) 382-9644 or Toll-Free: (800) 313-4733, and visit our website.
As the end of summer looms, many homeowners may be lamenting the end of the warm weather and outdoor entertaining. While the calendar may be turning to fall soon and summer may be calling it quits, the pests have not! Mosquitoes and ticks are still active until the first sustained frost of the season, which means three or more consecutive days of frost-level temperatures. Depending upon the climate and conditions, this could be well into the fall. So don’t let your guard down yet when it comes to health-threatening pests like mosquitoes and ticks. Read on to find out how to continue to protect yourself through late summer and even into fall.
Ticks and mosquitoes do not follow a calendar but, rather, rely on environmental conditions to tell them when it is time to head to hibernation or overwintering. Hibernating mosquitoes don’t die off when it gets colder; they simply seek shelter in places that are protected from the elements, including abandoned animal dens, hollow logs, and even inside your home. These mosquitoes have been known to come out of hiding during warm spells in the winter, before hiding away when temperatures drop once again. Therefore it is near impossible to pinpoint the exact date when we can all stop worrying about these pests. Instead we suggest continued vigilance and following these simple rules for mosquitoes and tick prevention in your own yard.
Mosquito Vigilance –
- Continue to use insect repellent both on your skin and clothing – DEET or other CDC-recommended sprays for exposed skin, and Permethrin is recommended as protection against mosquitoes for clothing, gear, or bed nets.
- Reduce the mosquito population in your yard by removing any container that can hold water.
- Avoid going outdoors during peak mosquito time such as dusk and dawn.
Tick Awareness –
- Stay vigilant by doing daily body checks and looking for telltale signs such as a bullseye bite.
- Use DEET insect spray and stay away from high tick areas such as tall grasses and bushy areas in the woods.
Although the days of summer are quickly dwindling, stay aware and take precautions to avoid tick and mosquito-borne illnesses such as West Nile, EEE, and Lyme Disease this year. Call Pro-Tech Lawn Care at (603) 382-9644 or Toll Free: (800) 313-4733 and visit our website.
Spending time out in nature is one of the best things about the spring, summer, and fall months. For New Englanders who must endure long, sometimes brutally cold, winter weather, these months come as a gift from Mother Nature. There is nothing like enjoying the salty sea air along the coast, or the cool air of one of the hiking trails in the many conservation lands in our area. Unfortunately, being outdoors means the possibility of being bitten by one of the many biting insects that make their habitat in our region. What are the potential dangers of these biting insects and what can you do to prevent bites as you enjoy the great outdoors?
- Mosquitoes – These annoying buggers can ruin any day when you are being swarmed and bitten. The dangers of mosquitoes lie not in the bite itself but, rather, in the diseases that can be spread in saliva of the insect. Mosquitoes can transmit Eastern Equine Encephalitis or, most well known, West Nile Virus. West Nile virus (WNV) is a potentially serious illness that is carried from infected birds to humans via mosquitoes. Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) virus is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is a rare illness in humans, and only a few cases are reported in the United States each year. EEE can progress from flu-like symptoms to seizures, coma, and even death.
- Ticks – Ticks in our area are known to carry Lyme Disease. Lyme disease is a multisystem inflammatory disease that affects the skin (a bullseye rash) in its early, localized stage, and then may spread to the joints, nervous system and, to a lesser extent, other organ systems in its later, disseminated stages.
Want more information about the dangers of biting insects and how to protect yourself? Visit our website or call Pro-Tech Lawn Care at (603) 382-9644 or Toll Free: (800) 313-4733.
Nothing can ruin a day of gardening, playing, or entertaining quite like the annoyance of mosquitoes. They buzz in your ear, bite your ankles and cause welts that itch like crazy! Not only are these little pests a nuisance, but they can also be dangerous as they can carry and transmit diseases. Zika, West Nile Virus, and a list of other mosquito-borne diseases carried by these pests can make humans very ill and, in some cases, can be fatal. Here are a few tips to mosquito-proof your yard this year so you can enjoy it for what it was intended.
- Remove Breeding Sites – For a typical yard this means removing all sources of standing water around your yard, whether it is a pet bowl, an upside down frisbee, a kiddie pool, or a spare tire hidden behind the shed. Fix leaky hoses, properly store pool covers, and clean out gutters that may harbor a hidden breeding location.
- Keep your Lawn Well-Manicured – Long grass is a great place for mosquitoes to get out of the sun. Keeping your grass short and yard well-maintained is essential to mosquito control.
- Treat your Yard – Many homeowners are turning to mosquito treatments, especially along fence/property lines and along foundations. Talk to our experts at Pro-Tech Lawn Care to see how this could benefit your family.
- Avoid Peak Hours – Mosquitoes tend to be most active at dawn and dusk. The lack of wind, sunlight, and heat makes this an ideal time for feeding. If you must be out during this time, wear lightweight long sleeved/pant clothing and protect yourself with Permethrin on clothing and DEET on skin.
- Encourage Neighbors to Get Onboard – If your yard is mosquito-proofed and your close neighbor is not then your efforts may not work. So get your neighbors on board and help them create a mosquito-free zone as much as possible.
Need help making your yard mosquito-proof? Call Pro-Tech Lawn Care at (603) 382-9644 or Toll Free: (800) 313-4733, or visit our website.
Every summer we hear the warnings about disease-spreading pests like ticks and mosquitoes. If you are like most people, you probably don’t start worrying about these pests until you find a tick crawling on you or you get bit by a mosquito. We are here to remind you that these pests are not just annoying, but can carry disease and should be taken seriously. While most of us equate these pests with the heat of summer, they can, and do, emerge in the early spring months.
When to Worry About Ticks and Mosquitoes
Don’t be lulled into complacency when it comes to protecting yourself from these pests. Early May is usually when New Englanders begin noticing mosquitoes exposing themselves at dawn and dusk, and then eventually all day long. As for ticks, April to September are the most active time for them to emerge and become problematic. However, many ticks emerge as early as March when a quick warm up occurs.
What To Do
Just as you would during the peak of tick and mosquito months, take some simple precautions to avoid these biting pests.
- Apply proper insect repellant to clothes and skin when necessary. Just because it is spring doesn’t mean that they are not carrying disease.
- Take precautions like wearing long sleeves, long pants, and socks when heading into the woods.
- Avoid being out during dusk and dawn when mosquitoes are at their worst.
- Keep standing water away from your property where mosquitoes reproduce.
- Check everyone for ticks after spending time outside. Take a shower to attempt to wash away ticks that have not bitten you yet.
- Put dry clothes in the dryer on high heat for 10 minutes to kill ticks.
Visit our blog again in the coming months as we will keep you updated on tick- and mosquito-borne disease and how you can prevent them. Call Pro-Tech Lawn Care at (603) 382-9644 or Toll Free: (800) 313-4733, or visit our website.
Now that mosquito season is over and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has collected the data, it is time for a review of 2017 and the latest on diseases spread via mosquitoes. According to the World Health Organization, “Of all disease-transmitting insects, the mosquito is the greatest menace, spreading malaria, dengue and yellow fevers, which together are responsible for several million deaths and hundreds of millions of cases every year.” Different regions are impacted by different mosquito-borne diseases depending on climate, the types of mosquitoes common in the region, and access to preventative measures and medicine. In our region of the United States there are specific mosquito-borne diseases to be concerned with including West Nile Virus and Eastern Equine Encephalitis.
West Nile Virus – The CDC reports that the most common way the West Nile virus is transmitted is by mosquito bite. Most people infected with West Nile virus will not show any symptoms. About 1-in-5 people who are infected will develop a fever and other symptoms. Fewer than 1% of those infected develop a serious, sometimes fatal, neurologic illness. To see an interactive map of the areas most hit by West Nile click here. The CDC has compiled data for the past several decades to compare the spread and statistical data associated with the disease.
Eastern Equine Encephalitis – is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is a rare illness in humans, and only a few cases are reported in the United States each year. Most cases occur in the Atlantic and Gulf Coast states (see map).
Check back with our blog in the spring as we will continue to cover outbreaks and locations. Our blog will also have the latest on treatment and prevention techniques. As always, if you have any questions call Pro-Tech Lawn Care at (603) 382-9644 or Toll Free: (800) 313-4733, or visit our website.
Last month we discussed the many mosquito-born illnesses that pose a threat to humans during the warm summer months and well into the fall. This month, we are discussing some common sense methods to protect yourself and your loved ones from mosquitoes in order to not only avoid the itchy bumps of their bite, but also to protect yourself from diseases and viruses. Here are a few methods that you should make a regular part of your family’s routine to protect yourselves from mosquito bites.
- Call Pro-Tech Lawn Care about yard treatment plans to reduce and in some cases eliminate mosquitoes from your area.
- Wear mosquito repellent. We recommend repellents containing 30% to 50% DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide) for adults and children over 2 months of age. We also recommend repellents containing up to 15% picaridin, which must be applied often.
- Dress for protection. Clothing that are light colored and cover all parts of your skin is preferred. Many people choose, even in the heat of the summer, to wear lightweight long sleeves and long pants to avoid bites. Repellents or insecticides, such as permethrin, can be applied to clothing and gear for added protection. The more skin that is exposed to a bite, the greater the possibility of getting a bite.
- Be aware of time. According to the Centers for Disease Control, mosquitoes may bite at any time of day, peak biting activity for vectors of some diseases (such as dengue and chikungunya) is during daylight hours. Vectors of other diseases (such as malaria) are most active in twilight periods (dawn and dusk) or in the evening after dark.
If you want more information about mosquitoes in your area, call Pro-Tech Lawn Care to discuss treatment methods.
Mosquito born illnesses have been highlighted in the news prominently over the past year since the fear of the Zika Virus last year brought the issue to the forefront. The New England region sees its fair share of mosquito illnesses with two in particular that are concerning.
Mosquitoes in our region can spread to both the West Nile Virus (WNV) and Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE). People can get WNV or EEE when an infected mosquito bites them. Mosquitoes get these diseases by biting infected birds, but people cannot get WNV or EEE from birds. Most people bitten by infected mosquitoes experience no symptoms or mild symptoms, but some can develop serious disease.
- West Nile Virus – Most people (70-80%) who become infected with West Nile virus do not develop any symptoms. About 1 in 5 people who are infected will develop a fever with other symptoms such as headache, body aches, joint pains, vomiting, diarrhea, or rash. Most people with this type of West Nile virus disease recover completely, but fatigue and weakness can last for weeks or months. Less than 1% of people who are infected will develop a serious neurologic illness such as encephalitis or meningitis (inflammation of the brain or surrounding tissues).The symptoms of neurologic illness can include headache, high fever, neck stiffness, disorientation, coma, tremors, seizures, or paralysis. (Source: Centers for Disease Control)
- Eastern Equine Encephalitis – Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is a rare illness in humans, and only a few cases are reported in the United States each year. Systemic infection has an abrupt onset and is characterized by chills, fever, malaise, arthralgia, and myalgia. The illness lasts 1 to 2 weeks, and recovery is complete when there is no central nervous system involvement. Unfortunately, approximately a third of all people with EEE die from the disease.
In our past blogs we have discusses taking precautions against being bitten including: using repellent, dressing in light clothing that covers your arms and legs, and avoiding being outdoors during the peak times of of dawn and dusk. Pro-Tech Lawn Care also recommends having your yard treated for mosquitoes that could carry these illnesses.
Every year, a memo has gone out to the mosquitoes that I am outside and ready to be eaten alive! It is like I am an “all you can eat buffet” for these pests. Do you feel the same way? If you are also a feast for mosquitoes, here are a few tips to stop the madness and avoid those itchy bites this mosquito season.
- Call Pro-Tech Lawn Care to discuss treatment options for your backyard and surrounding property. This program includes monthly treatments throughout the active season for ticks, mosquitoes and other flying insects. This comprehensive program is designed to provide your property with maximum protection.
- Dress for Protection – Mosquitoes are attracted to dark colors so wear light tones and cover arms and legs when possible. Long loose fitting shirts and pants can be helpful in deterring a mosquito from landing on our skin.
- Evaluate your Yard – If you have standing water do whatever you can to rid your yard of it including children’s toy pails, pools and other items. This is where mosquitoes breed so do yourself a favor and prevent the breeding from occurring on your property.
- Avoid Peak Times – Dawn and dusk are peak mosquito times, so avoid being outside at those times if at all possible.
- Avoid Sweat and CO2 – Obviously we all have to breath out to survive, but try to stay indoors immediately after exercising for two reasons. One is that expulsion of CO2 attracts mosquitoes and heat and sweat also can be a magnet for these pests.
- Personal Protection – If you choose to use a repellant spray to protect yourself and your family choose one that has deet or picaridin.
If you are interested in stopping the mosquito feast call Pro-Tech Lawn Care today for treatment options.
Last year when Zika, (the virus associated with birth defects and microcephaly), became a clear threat to humans in South America and Central America, scientists used computer models along with the assistance of meteorologists and entomologists to predict where local transmission of Zika in the continental United States was most likely to occur. As of today, the only documented cases of viral transmission from a mosquito to a human in the continental United States have taken place in southern Florida and Brownsville, Texas. That’s precisely what the best models indicated.
According to Science Insider, “If history repeats itself, as winter approaches and cold weather reduces populations of the Aedes aegypti mosquito—Zika’s main vector—this transmission likely will stop and resurface late next spring.”
Does that mean that there will be fewer mosquitoes with the zika virus in the spring or emerge stronger than ever? Tropical mosquito varies, such as the ones carrying the dreaded Zika virus, perish in cold temperatures. Unfortunately, the strains inhabiting the Mid-Columbia are made of sterner stuff. We will all have to wait until the spring weather begins in earnest to see what the results will be. Spring weather plays a bigger role in determining if mosquito eggs hatch and become breeding adults. Mosquito eggs hatch when the temperatures rise. But a warm up followed by another freeze could kill the larvae before they can mature and mate. Or the weather could simply warm up enough to produce hatching and stay that way.
The Center for Disease Control still maintains recommendations if traveling into a zika prone area including:
- Travel information from the CDC including maps and strategies
- Talk to your doctor or other healthcare provider first, if you must travel to an area with Zika.
- Prevent mosquito bites, including covering up arms and legs and using EPA-registered insect repellent, which is safe to use during pregnancy.
- Use latex condoms, the right way, every time or choose not to have any type of sex if the male partner has been in an area with Zika during the pregnancy.